Syria and its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure?
Brodie, N. (2015), ‘Syria and its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure?’, International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (2–3): 317–335.
Cultural property protection policy as implemented in Syria since 2011 is structured around standards and practices enshrined within the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (including its First and Second Protocols) and the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. Policy emphasis is on the in situ protection of cultural sites and the recovery and return of stolen or looted cultural objects. But policy initiatives have very obviously failed to stop the plunder and illegal trade of cultural objects in Syria, as they have failed before for neighboring countries. This paper describes why policy initiatives aimed at site protection and object recovery have failed and how policy might be improved by a market reduction approach aimed at subduing demand.
This paper can be accessed on the International Journal of Cultural Property website.