Last Modified: 22 Aug 2012


Corbridge has one of the most documented histories of instances of nighthawking in the United Kingdom.

Corbridge, the Roman garrison town on the outskirts of modern-day Corbridge in Northumberland, also known by its Latin name of Corstopitum, sits on the intersection of Roman Dere Street and Stanegate (English Heritage 2012), a couple of miles south of the connected World Heritage Site of Hadrian’s Wall. The settlement and surrounding area are a Scheduled Monument[1] (and hence enjoy legal protection under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979), and are under the stewardship of English Heritage. A museum is adjacent to the ruins of the settlement and features interpretation of the site and some of the artefacts discovered. The site is open to the public.

The incidents of nighthawking at Corbridge are some of the best known examples in England (Addyman 2001: 142; Dobinson and Denison 1995: 55-56; Faulkner 2003: 24). This is partly due to the diligence with which the incidents of looting have been recorded and were reported by Dobinson and Denison (1995: 55-56) for the period between 1989 and 1993. However, interviews with curatorial staff who were present during this period suggest that the notoriety of the nighthawking at Corbridge may result more from the fact that metal detecting activity was so systematically monitored and recorded compared to elsewhere, rather that there was necessarily more nighthawking here than at other sites elsewhere (Thomas 2009: 197).

Monitoring by staff at the site discovered that twenty-three individual instances of nighthawking had been recorded (Dobinson and Denison 1995: 55-56). This translates to high levels of individual unauthorised interventions: for example between April 1989 and May 1990 the seven instances of nighthawking recorded translated as 122 ‘individual intrusions’ into the ground at the site (Ibid.). Despite police knowledge of the problem, no arrests seem to have been made during this period (Ibid.).

Since the Dobinson and Denison research was carried out – which looked at the scale and impact of metal detecting across England (see Dobinson and Denison 1995), English Heritage have consistently employed a security firm on site. This seems to have greatly reduced the number of nighthawking incidents, although some anecdotal reports suggest incidents are still occurring in the surrounding area (Plowright 2012).


Addyman, Peter V (2001), ‘Antiquities without Archaeology in the United Kingdom’, in Neil Brodie, Jenny Doole, and Colin Renfrew (eds.), Trade in illicit antiquities: the destruction of the world’s archaeological heritage (Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research), 141-44.

Dobinson, Colin and Denison, Simon (1995), ‘Metal detecting and archaeology in England’, (York: English Heritage and Council for British Archaeology),, accessed 24/07/2012

English Heritage (2012), ‘Corbridge Roman Town – Hadrian’s Wall’,, accessed 12/07/2012.

Faulkner, Neil (2003), Hidden Treasure: Digging up Briatin’s Past (London: BBC Books).

Plowright, Georgina (2012) ‘Re: Corbridge’ [email to S Thomas], (11 June 2012).

Thomas, Suzie (2009), ‘The Relationships between Archaeologists and Metal-detector Users in England and Wales: Impact of the Past and Implications for the Future’, Ph.D. thesis. (Newcastle University).

[1] It has been scheduled; the process of identifying, assessing, reviewing and recommending monuments to the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport for the purpose of inclusion in the Schedule of Monuments (